Saturday, January 16, 2016

Vienna Convention

By Anton Antonio
January 17, 2016

The ozone layer or ozone shield refers to a region of Earth’s stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation.  It contains high concentrations of ozone (O3) relative to other parts of the atmosphere, although still very small relative to the other gases in the stratosphere.

“The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer is a Multilateral Environmental Agreement.  It was agreed upon at the Vienna Conference of 1985 and entered into force in 1988.  In terms of universality, it is one of the most successful treaties of all time, having been ratified by 197 states (all United Nations members as well as the Holy See, Niue and the Cook Islands) as well as the European Union.  It acts as a framework for the international efforts to protect the ozone layer.  However, it does not include legally binding reduction goals for use of CFCs, the main chemical agents causing ozone depletion.  These are laid out in the Montreal Protocol.”  (Wikipedia)

There are several international agreements --- that are aimed at mitigating the effects of global warming and climate change… and, in this case, the protection of the ozone layer --- have already been passed and agreed upon by a majority of participating countries.  The next set of blogs/articles will be devoted to these international accords to increase the level of awareness on their history, aims and objectives.  One such international accord is the Vienna Convention.

Thoughts to promote positive action…

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Wikipedia, (2015).  “Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer”.  Retrieved on January 17, 2016 from

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