Friday, April 17, 2015

Upland Management Strategies

by Anton Antonio
March 27, 2015

Upland management strategies involve the formulation and implementation of the major goals and initiatives taken by an organization’s top management on behalf of the stakeholders, based on consideration of resources and an assessment of the internal and external environments (meaning:  strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) in which the organization operates and competes.  To tailor-fit the management strategy, the vision, mission, goals and objectives have to be considered… the strategy must be responsive to the needs of the upland community to be benefitted by the program or project.

Management strategies are a set of activities that are designed to accomplish set goals and objectives over a definite period of time using specified resources.  At present, the following are the commonly used strategies in upland management:
  1. Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) – for a more detailed discussion on the CBFM, please refer to the following links: (a) and (b)
  2. Agroforestry – a land use management system in which trees are grown around or among crops or pastureland.  It combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy, and sustainable land use systems.
  3. Reforestation – the action of renewing forest cover by natural seeding or by artificial planting of seeds or seedlings (meaning: young trees).  Reforestation involves the planting of tree species and other associated vegetation in previously forested areas, more often areas declared as protected.
  4. Forest Plantation Development – involves the establishment of man-made forests for the purpose of producing forest products such as timber, rattan, bamboo, barks, vines, medicinal plants and extracts.  This strategy has been adopted by timber exporting countries in Europe, Northern America and New Zealand.
  5. Forest Protection – a strategy that aims for the preservation or improvement of a forest threatened or affected by abuse through overextraction and overutilization.  Forest protection is an integral component of protected area management.  Forest protection deals primarily with the prevention, detection and control of illegal forest activities such as illegal logging and poaching.
  6. Eco-Tourism – this strategy is all about uniting environmental conservation, strengthening of local communities, and sustainable travel.  Those who implement and participate in eco-tourism activities follow the following eco-tourism principles:  (1) Minimize impact and (2) build environmental and cultural awareness and respect.  Eco-tourism refers to the use of the forest as a recreational and environmental education resource.
  7. Biodiversity Conservation – as a strategy involves the management of forests to ensure the protection and maintenance of the variability of ecosystem types, species, and genetic resources.  Biodiversity conservation aims to preserve the variability among living organisms in the forest ecosystem including the variability within and between species within and between ecosystems.
  8. Tenurial Instruments – are legal documents considered as the act, fact, manner, or condition of holding something in one’s possession as real estate and occupancy of public land.  In these areas, the harvesting and utilization of forest products is allowed but subject to certain conditions and limitations.  This is also an accepted upland management strategy.

Just my little thoughts…

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Antonio, A. C. (2015). “Community Based Forest Management”. Retrieved on March 27, 2015 from

Antonio, A. C. (2014). “CBFM and Participatory Management”. Retrieved on March 27, 2015 from

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