Saturday, February 6, 2016

Nagoya Protocol

By Anton Antonio
February 7, 2016

“The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity is a 2010 supplementary agreement to the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).  It provides a transparent legal framework for the implementation of one of the three objectives of the CBD: the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, thereby contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.  The Protocol was adopted on 29 October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan, and entered into force on 12 October 2014.  It has been ratified by 69 parties, which includes 68 states and the European Union.  It is the second Protocol to the CBD; the first is the 2000 Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.  The Nagoya Protocol is intended to create greater legal certainty and transparency for both providers and users of genetic resources by: (1) Establishing more predictable conditions for access to genetic resources; and, (2) Helping to ensure benefit-sharing when genetic resources leave the contradicting party providing the genetic resources.  By helping to ensure benefit-sharing, the Protocol creates incentives to conserve and sustainably use genetic resources, and therefore enhance the contribution of biodiversity to development and human well-being.  The Nagoya Protocol applies to genetic resources that are covered by the CBD and to the benefits arising from their utilization.  The Nagoya Protocol sets out obligations for its contracting parties to take measures in relation to access to genetic resources, benefit-sharing and compliance.”  (Wikipedia)

Please read the blogs listed below (references) for more information on and a better understanding of the Nagoya Protocol.

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Antonio, A. C., (2016).  “Cartagena Protocol”.  Retrieved on February 7, 2016 from

Antonio, A. C., (2016).  “Convention on Biological Diversity”.  Retrieved on February 7, 2016 from

Antonio, A. C., (2016).  “Genetic Resources”.  Retrieved on February 7, 2016 from

Wikipedia, (2016).  “Nagoya Protocol”.  Retrieved on February 7, 2016 from

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