Friday, February 5, 2016

Genetic Resources

By Anton Antonio
February 6, 2016

What are genetic resources?  The following is a researched material on genetic resources… “Genetic resources (GRs) refer to genetic material of actual or potential value.  Genetic material is any material of plant, animal, microbial or other origin containing functional units of heredity.  Examples include material of plant, animal, or microbial origin, such as medicinal plants, agricultural crops and animal breeds.  GRs as encountered in nature are not creations of the human mind and thus they cannot be directly protected as intellectual property (IP).  However, there are IP issues associated with GRs.  Inventions or plant varieties based on or developed using GRs (associated with traditional knowledge or not) may be patentable or protected by plant breeders’ rights.  In considering IP issues associated with GRs, WIPO’s (World Intellectual Property Organization) work complements the framework for access and benefit-sharing provided by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and its Nagoya Protocol, and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).  (Wikipedia)

I’ve listed several references on genetics, genetically modified organisms, GMO-free food products and Genetics to compliment the above-researched material.

The Nagoya Protocol (which will be featured in an up-coming blog) encourages all parties to allow access to data and information considered to be genetic resources.

Thoughts to promote positive action…

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Antonio, A.C., (2016). “Genetically Modified Organisms”.  Retrieved on February 6, 2016 from

Antonio, A.C., (2016). “GMO-Free”.  Retrieved on February 6, 2016 from

Antonio, A.C., (2016). “Genetics”.  Retrieved on February 6, 2016 from

Wikipedia, (2016).  “Genetics”.  Retrieved on February 6, 2016 from

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